Frost in the northern and southern Caulle cord affected the grapes and blueberries.Meanwhile, apples and kiwis had a better performance.
It resists classification.¬†He does not want give it a name.¬†The fruit export season 2011-2012 is nearly complete, at least in terms of volumes, and yet there is no agreement on how to characterize agriculture.¬†Some producers are saying that was “reguleque” a handful shows disastrous results and others are happy for the rise in prices.¬†In short, a real tutti frutti results.
In this salad dressing was the major Mother Nature.¬†From frost in the north to the rash boy Caulle cord, to a unusually warm summer, disarmed the card of the growers, exporters and importers.
In fact, almost all production and price projections were wrong, sometimes against, but also in favor.
Because of this heterogeneity it is best to do a test fruit to fruit.
Bad batch of grapes
The frosts in the second half of 2011 went hand in hand in Copiapo.¬†In the valley that opens the season exports of Chilean table grapes, low temperatures damaged the flowering of the vines.
It is estimated that they lost about two million cases by the coup climate.¬†However, the plight of the northerners did not end there.¬†In the U.S., the main market for this fruit, table grape stock historical records showing upon arrival COPIAPO supply.¬†Prices were depressed immediately, falling to historic lows.
Although initially aimed darts to Brazil and Peru as the cause of this mess, the final analysis differed.¬†”The volumes of these two countries are bounded.¬†The most influential factor in lower prices at the start of the season was the high stock of U.S. grapes¬†in December, “said Isabel Quiroz, executive director of iQonsulting.
In recent years, Californians have been developing later varieties, encouraged by the good results obtained for Chilean table grapes tempranera.¬†In fact, there is already talk of the season as a turning point in that category.¬†It is difficult to see higher prices again at the start of the season.¬†A major factor in the analysis of the viability of the fruit of Copiapo and, incidentally, about the increasing investments made in Peru.
Paradoxically, poor prices generated good news heading further south.
“U.S. consumers¬†are almost manual economy.¬†When the price of fruit low demand soars.¬†South of Santiago producers of table grapes lived a very good season.¬†In early March prices were $ 4 per box of red seedless grapes better than the same date last season, “said Manuel Jose Alcaino, president of Decofrut.
Although almost all the grapes of the country is harvested, it remains to market what is stored in refrigerators and also what is in transit on ships.¬†According to estimates by John Colombo, Subsole manager for North America, the finish of the season will be marked by the lack of table grapes.
“So far no noticeable downward because the production of the valleys has overlapping, but now be displayed.¬†Are two to three million cases fall in the north and about four million less in the south central area, due to high summer temperatures, “says Colombo.
Much of the growth of blueberries has been in the south, where it has become a favorite crop when replacing cereals.¬†In fact, with the gradual entry of new acres into production, it was expected that this season the production of this berry grew 12 per cent to 78,000 tonnes.
Almost closed exports of fresh blueberries, this growth was zero.¬†The explanation goes through the umbilical Caulle.¬†The fumes affected about 4,000 tons of fruit, which had to be referred to the processing industry.¬†To this we must add a drop of 3,000 tons by the summer heat.
Prices, that does not respond to the upside.¬†The explanation would be, as an exporter, it would not have passed promptly from Chile, the decline in production, so that importers were always waiting to higher volumes and operated supermarkets with promotional prices.
Growing agribusiness and New Zealand falls
The two largest fruit in terms of volume, closing the season are apples and kiwis.¬†In both, changes in the market plays into the pocket of the producers.
In the case of apples, the pressure is doubled.¬†Agribusiness companies entered this season strong buy raw materials due to good global demand, especially from Asia.Although no official figures, an estimated 30% of Chilean production of pome that went to the processors.
“Maybe it was a season as good for exporters, but clearly it was for the farmers,” says Renan Carrasco, producer and marketer of the Sixth Region.
In the case of kiwi, already started exporting, prices provide good, by the fall of the main competitor in the southern hemisphere, New Zealand, for an outbreak of Pseudomonas syringae pv.¬†actinidiae in some varieties.¬†It is expected that the supply of that country falls by 21%, decreasing the pressure in the market.